Treatment with egg (oocyte) donation
Treatment with egg (oocyte) donation
Infertility treatment using donated oocytes is very demanding for every couple undergoing the therapy. However, despite causing a great deal of emotional stress and burden, this procedure offers a real possibility to have babies even to couples who would otherwise have no chance of becoming parents.
Oocyte donation belongs to very successful methods of infertility treatment. Under Slovak legislation, this process is legal, voluntary, safe and based on the principle of anonymity between the donor and recipient. The legislation does not set any official age boundary for female recipients, however the age of 50 represents a standard ethical limitation.
For whom the treatment is designed
Some women have no chance of pregnancy with their own eggs. This may happen when a woman:
- does not produce her own oocytes,
- does not produce oocytes of sufficient quality,
- is a carrier of a hereditary disease.
Treatment using oocyte, sperm, and embryo donation
Pursuant to applicable Slovak legislation, treatment using donation of reproductive cells (oocytes and sperms) and embryos can only be provided to a woman with a male partner. The legislation does not set any upper age limit for a woman receiving the treatment, however, considering the ethical reasons, Gyncare – Centre for Assisted Reproduction accepts the limit below 52 years of age in female patients receiving this treatment. The patient must be in healthy condition enabling her to carry and give birth to a baby.
Who are oocyte donors
Donors are young women aged under 34 who approach our centre and want to help other women. Each donor must have at least secondary education. Donors are typically university students or mothers, who already have children and egg donation is their way how to help infertile couples. All donors are carefully chosen to ensure maximum possible quality of eggs.
Moreover, all donors have to meet strict criteria for egg donation and must undergo a gynecological, genetic and endocrinological check-up. They must have repeated negative results of tests for infectious diseases (HIV, hepatitis B, C and syphilis). The donor’s family medical history must be free of any congenital or genetic developmental disorders. Only the donors who undergo all of the above tests and medical examinations with negative results are included in the oocyte donation program.
The process of treatment with donated eggs (oocytes)
- First, the donor undergoes ovarian stimulation and then mature eggs are retrieved. These are fertilised by the sperm of the recipient’s partner. Both fresh as well as frozen sperm can be used. After several days of culturing all the suitable embryos are frozen.
- The embryo transfer is performed in line with your natural cycle on the day which is harmonised with the particular day of embryo’s development and the particular day of your phase of menstruation cycle. In the second part of the cycle, after ovulation, you will start to use gestagens – pregnancy hormones which will prepare your uterine mucous membrane for implantation of the embryo or embryos.
- After the transfer, you will continue using gestagens (for 10 – 14 days) until we take your blood sample to test it for the level of the hCG pregnancy hormone.
We select a suitable donor based on requirements of the recipient (height, weight, eye and hair colour, education). We respect the matching of blood group and Rh factor between the donor and recipient.
Each recipient can expect at least 2 high-quality embryos ready for transfer. Based on the physician’s recommendations, the couple undergoing the treatment may decide how many embryos will be transferred. The remaining embryo or embryos shall be frozen and remain cryopreserved for further application by the recipient.